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- n° 37
ISBN 0908-4134

Cuiseur solaire ; Inde

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- n° 149
ISBN 0295-5873

Le gouvernement indien envisage d'équipe le pays de 100 GW d'unités de production électrique supplémentaires d'ici 2012

Électrification rurale ; Inde

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- n° 6
ISBN 1619-6228

Spanish policy to promote solar thermal electriciy production is paving the way toward a new era of power plants

Californie ; Concentrateur solaire ; Électricité renouvelable ; Espagne ; Inde ; Solaire thermique

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- n° 6
ISBN 1462-6381

Biomass is the hottest business proposiion among power developers in India. The southern state of Andhra Pradesh has 18 new rural, grid-connected projects and more under construction, write A.MR & P.N

Inde

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- n° 1
ISBN 1462-6381

In september 2001 the Indian government approved a programme to electricity an entire region of nortern india over five years using solar PV. A proposed 24 000 solar home sytems, 12 000 solar lanterns and over 2 MW of solar PV plants are to be installed in the remote mountain region of Ladakh, located on the indo-tibetan border. The summer of 2002 saw the implementation of the first phase of this huge programme, with the installation of 10 000 solar home systems and the distribution of 6 000 solar lanterns.
In september 2001 the Indian government approved a programme to electricity an entire region of nortern india over five years using solar PV. A proposed 24 000 solar home sytems, 12 000 solar lanterns and over 2 MW of solar PV plants are to be installed in the remote mountain region of Ladakh, located on the indo-tibetan border. The summer of 2002 saw the implementation of the first phase of this huge programme, with the installation of 10 000 ...

Éclairage ; Électrification rurale ; Inde ; Pays En Développement ; Solaire photovoltaïque

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V

- n° 10103

EREC, the international umbrella oranization, published last year a study on export strategies for enewable energy technologies. The 150 pages document provides valuable information on key export markets and financial institutions, and presents the various branche'perspectives for the future. The following exccerpts will whet your appetite for more! The complete stydy is availble for www.erec-renewables.org (eurees)

Afrique ; Brésil ; Inde ; International ; Pays En Développement ; Solaire photovoltaïque ; Solaire thermique

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- n° 5
ISBN 1462-6381

Solar ice in egypt Pherich - wind and solar power for the world's highest hospital Solar assistanted temorary traffic lights a world first Pitch vs stall : the numbers are in The centre of photovoltaics in poland

Climatisation solaire ; Égypte ; Électrification rurale ; Établissement de santé ; Inde ; Machine à absorption ; Népal ; Pologne ; Production de froid ; Solaire photovoltaïque

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WIND POWER | NEW ENERGY 1/08/03

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- n° 4
ISBN 1619-6228

- EWEC 2003 : nearly 3 000 wind power experts met in madrid. Big growth is predicted for the industry - German market mid-year report : the 2002 record was clearly under-run in the first half-year. It's a drop, but no doldrums - Almost child's play : goin

Angleterre ; Colombie ; Conférence / Colloque ; Danemark ; Électrification rurale ; Éolien ; Inde ; Industrie ; Offshore

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V

- n° 42
ISBN 0908-4134

Energy partnership coming up in india

Inde

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SOLAIRE | SILENCE 1/12/03

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- n° 304
ISBN 0756-2640

Chine : fort developpement solaire Allemagne : production solaire record Climatisation Savoie: la maison solaire Indes cuiseurs solaires

Allemagne ; Canicule / Sécheresse ; Chine ; Climatisation / Rafraîchissement ; Cuiseur solaire ; Dom Tom ; Inde ; Languedoc Roussillon ; Production d'électricité ; Rhône Alpes ; Solaire photovoltaïque ; Solaire thermique

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V

- n° 7
ISBN 1660-3192

L'Inde recoit de grandes quantité de pluie. Mais la mousson s'y concentre sur 2 mois et demi et, amors que la disponibilité d'eau annuelle par habitant ne cesse de faiblir, les capactés de stockage risquent e ne plus suffire. Les barrages représenent une potion pour réhausse ces capacités, mais ils soulèvent des problèmes humains et écologiques colossaux. Un dialogue est en cours entre les différents porteurs d'interêts sur les barrages pour rendre la prise de décision à leur sujet plus robuste scientifiquement et socialement
L'Inde recoit de grandes quantité de pluie. Mais la mousson s'y concentre sur 2 mois et demi et, amors que la disponibilité d'eau annuelle par habitant ne cesse de faiblir, les capactés de stockage risquent e ne plus suffire. Les barrages représenent une potion pour réhausse ces capacités, mais ils soulèvent des problèmes humains et écologiques colossaux. Un dialogue est en cours entre les différents porteurs d'interêts sur les barrages pour ...

Barrage hydraulique ; Grande puissance ; Impact environnemental ; Inde

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- n° 1
ISBN 1462-6381

Photovoltaics has often been seen as an expensive technology for developing countries, inaccessible to rural communities that need electrification. The authors describe a new UNEP partnership pograamme with banks in South India that is successfully financing solar home systems - in a commercoal, sustainable way.

Inde ; Partenariat ; Pays En Développement ; Programme de développement ; Solaire photovoltaïque

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- n° 305
ISBN 0756-2640

Le geres, Groupe Energies renouvelables et environnement s'est spécialisé dans le partenaraiat avec des groupements des pays du Sud. A travers des échanges de compétdences, il permet à des communauté de bénéficier des techniques développées ici: - Compostage comme valorisation des déchets organique - Economisez le bois comme combustible - Valoriser les activités agro-pastorales - Du solei en Himalaya - meilleur autonomie en Inde - Confort thermique en Afghanistan - Conservation des récoltes au Bénin - Maitrise de l'énergie en Tunisie - Electrification décentralisée au Zimbabwe
Le geres, Groupe Energies renouvelables et environnement s'est spécialisé dans le partenaraiat avec des groupements des pays du Sud. A travers des échanges de compétdences, il permet à des communauté de bénéficier des techniques développées ici: - Compostage comme valorisation des déchets organique - Economisez le bois comme combustible - Valoriser les activités agro-pastorales - Du solei en Himalaya - meilleur autonomie en Inde - Confort ...

Afganistan ; Asie ; Association ; Bénin ; Bois énergie ; Burkina Faso ; Compostage ; Coopération ; Cuiseur solaire ; Économie d'énergie ; Électrification rurale ; Généralité énergie renouvelable ; Inde ; Pays En Développement ; Provence Alpes Côte d'Azur ; Séchage solaire ; Tunisie ; Zimbabwe

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PROGRAMME PED | SOLAIRE [LA LETTRE DU] 1/12/03

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- n° 12 - VOL 3

Iide : programme solaire ^résidentiel Afrique : Ouganda : usine d'assemblage dannoise - Mozambique : ERD Solaire

Afrique ; Danemark ; Électrification rurale ; Fabricant ; Inde ; Module photovoltaïque ; Mozambique ; Pays En Développement ; Politique énergétique

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V

- n° 190104

"Extrait du rapport : « Industrie biotechnologique et la chimie durable » http://www.fedichem.be/FR/PRES/CP/2004/CP040115.htm Pour l'énergie et le pétrole ... Environ 85% de nos besoins en énergie proviennent des ressources fossiles, l'un des plus grand émetteurs des émissions à effet de serre. ""Le protocole de Kyoto nous oblige à réduire nos émissions à effet de serre pour 2010. Ce qui veut dire que la Belgique doit réduire, dans les 6 prochaines années, de 14% les émissions pour respecter le protocole de Kyoto"", dit le Dr Soetaert. L'énergie renouvelable peut jouer un rôle clé en la matière. Jusqu'à aujourd'hui, les sources d'énergie renouvelable ne représentent que 5,8% de la consommation totale d'énergie au sein de l'UE. Le carburant y représente la plus grande dépendance de combustible fossile. Pour 2010, la Commission souhaiterait que les bio-combustibles représentent, en Europe, 5,75% du total de la consommation de combustible pour moteurs. A l'heure actuelle, le pourcentage est d'à peine 0,3%. Les céréales agricoles (biomasse) peuvent à nouveau remplacer les combustibles fossiles et être converties dans la bio-raffinerie en bio-éthanol, bio-gaz ou bio-carburants. Le bio-éthanol est obtenu à partir de la betterave sucrière, du froment ou du blé par un procédé de fermentation et peut être utilisé conjointement avec du pétrole par les voitures. Le bio-carburant est produit à partir d'huiles végétales telle que l'huile de colza et peut être mélangé sans problème au combustible normal. ""Environ 9,3 millions de tonnes de bio-éthanol doivent être produites en Europe pour 2010 afin d'atteindre les objectifs de la Commission, ce qui représentera environ 3,7 millions ha de froment et de betterave sucrière. Ces chiffres devraient être comparés avec les 5,6 millions ha de terre arable non utilisés, pour lesquelles l'UE paie les agriculteurs pour ne rien produire"", cite le Dr Erick Vandamme, Université de Gand, et co-auteur du rapport. ""La biotechnologie industrielle peut sensiblement contribuer au développement durable de notre société et créer par la même occasion de nouveaux marchés pour les produits agricoles communs."" Informations : Le dossier de presse peut être consulté http://www.europabio.org/pages/news/ne_150104.asp Adeline Farrelly, EuropaBio, Tél. Gén. +32 2 735 03 13, Tél. Direct +32 2 739 11 74, Mobile: +32 475 93 17 24, e-mail: a.farrelly@europabio.org Dr. Wim Soetaert, Université de Gand Tél. +32 92 64 60 83 Fax +32 92 64 62 31 e-mail : wim.soetaert@UGent.be Dr. Dirk Carrez, BelgoBiotech Tél: +32 2 238 98 47 Fax: +32 2 231 13 01 e-mail: dcarrez@fedichem.be Pour info : Production de bioéthanol en 2002 : 26 millions de tonnes (63 % comme biocarburant) Brésil : 9,5 millions de tonnes (sucre de canne) ; 92 % comme biocarburant USA : 6,4 millions de tonnes (maïs) ; 90 % comme bioacarburant Chine : 3,4 millions de tonnes Inde : 2 millions de tonnes Europe : 1,5 millions de tonnes (betterave et blé) ; 14 % comme biocarburant "
"Extrait du rapport : « Industrie biotechnologique et la chimie durable » http://www.fedichem.be/FR/PRES/CP/2004/CP040115.htm Pour l'énergie et le pétrole ... Environ 85% de nos besoins en énergie proviennent des ressources fossiles, l'un des plus grand émetteurs des émissions à effet de serre. ""Le protocole de Kyoto nous oblige à réduire nos émissions à effet de serre pour 2010. Ce qui veut dire que la Belgique doit réduire, dans les 6 ...

Biocarburant ; Brésil ; Chine ; États Unis ; Éthanol ; Europe ; Inde ; Politique énergétique ; Production ; Rapport

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- n° 270204

"India is Rapidly Developing Solar Energy - via Photovoltaic & Thermal Systems By Brook & Guarav Bhagat - Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India A Vast Vineyard of Solar Electricity - Kramer Junction in the sunny state of California Editor's Note: Solar energy in its raw form may be pollution-free, but manufacturing the devices that get the energy out of light and heat requires metal and other material, requiring mines and smelters, therein causing pollution. Maybe the most exciting thing about solar energy today is not only that the costs continue to drop and efficiencies continue to rise, but that clean solar energy is arriving at last. New technologies allow new methods of manufacturing which pollute much less, and often run on solar energy. Solar heating and solar electric systems can now generate thermal and electric energy over their service life up to 100 times the energy input during their manufacture. This ratio; the energy it will produce in its lifetime, compared to the amount of energy input to manufacture and maintain an energy system, has doubled in the last 20 years for most solar technologies. The ratio of energy out vs. energy in for solar systems has become so favorable that the economic and ecological viability of solar power is now beyond question. One reason solar energy still cannot compete financially vs. conventional energy is because the value of future energy output from a photovoltaic system is discounted when calculating, for example, an internal rate of return. These economic models that put a time-value on money, making long-term receipts not worth as much as near-term receipts cannot necessarily be applied to energy. Traditional models of economic analysis for an energy system lasting 50 years treat the free energy in years 11 through 50 as nearly worthless. The underlying assumption when discounting returns beyond 10 years is that BTUs are as fungible as currencies; something that is arguable but not certain. If a society as a whole desires energy independence, a solar energy system's return on investment in year 50 is no less valuable than the return on investment in year one. India's Central Arid Zone Research Institute "At the present rate of energy consumption, the reserve of fossil fuels of the entire world can be exhausted in 50 to 100 years," said Dr. M. N. Nahar, principal scientist of the Division of Agriculture and Energy at the Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI). "There is an urgent need to harness solar energy and other alternative energy sources." Unlike natural gas, coal, or nuclear power, solar power requires no fuel, works without polluting the air or leaving behind dangerous radioactive waste, and is extremely plentiful. Researchers estimate that the sun produces enough energy in a single second to meet the needs of all humanity for 2000 years. "The surface of the Earth receives an amount of solar energy equivalent to roughly 10,000 times the world energy demand," wrote Erik Lysen in the January 2003 issue of Renewable Energy World magazine. Figuring out how to harness it has already been accomplished, to some extent. Solar technology is currently divided into two categories, thermal and photovoltaic. Thermal solar power uses the heat of the sun, and photovoltaics, or PV, is the technology that converts its light directly into electricity. LABORATORY PV EFFICIENCY PROGRESS In the last twenty years of the 20th century photovoltaic panel efficiencies doubled A photovoltaic panel consists of several connected 0.6-V dc PV cells, which are made out of a semiconducting material, generally mono- or multi-crystalline silicon. The thin layer of silicon is sandwiched between two metallic electrodes, and the cells are usually encapsulated behind glass to make them weatherproof. Multiple PV panels can be then connected to form an array, capable of providing sufficient power for everything from common electrical applications like single-household electricity to Olympic swimming pools, apartment or industrial buildings. The average lifetime of a PV system is about 20 years, and it can be used in combination with conventional power or alone. The only problem is that, although in some cases it is becoming competitive, solar power is generally still slightly more expensive than tapping into conventional electricity. The process of constructing PV cells is somewhat complicated and delicate, and there is also a considerable loss of materials. Multi-crystalline silicon wafers are obtained from ingots grown by casting liquid silicon in a large container followed by controlled cooling, a technique less complicated than the pulling of single-crystalline rods. Then, in sawing the thin layer of crystalline silicon, about 20% of the material is lost as "sawdust". Efficiency is also not high, although it has been progressively increasing. A solar cell made of multi-crystalline silicon, which accounts for most of the PV panels currently in use and production, converts sunlight to electricity at about 13.5% efficiency. Mono-crystalline silicon, which is more difficult to produce, can achieve about 15%; in both cases, clouds and night time also rob the cell of a further 65%. USA's Dept. of Energy One way to reduce PV costs is to use materials other than silicon as semiconductors, like amorphous silicon and cadmium telluride (CdTe). Although government grants are keeping the fire going, the technology is moving slowly, and thin-film PV panels are hard to mass-produce cost-effectively because of the difficulty of coating large areas of glass. "It is my opinion that crystalline- silicon technologies will dominate for at least the next 10 years," said Jeffrey Mazer of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Solar Energy Technologies in Washington. There is one instance, however, in which PV energy is already cheaper than using fossil fuels. If a location is not currently connected to the "grid," that is, if no power lines are there, it is less expensive to install PV panels than to either extend the grid or set up small-scale electricity production with a diesel or other generator. the average cost of extending those power lines ranges from $20,000 to $80,000 per mile, a cost the consumer usually has to bear. At this price, eliminating a power line extension of even one mile could well pay for the PV system for someone who can easily afford it-- or make electricity possible for someone who can't. A ""Solar Yard"" in the sunny state of Rajasthan, India Approximately two billion people, or about 1/3 of the global population, residing primarily in developing countries, are not connected to the grid, and may never be; in this area particularly solar is the energy source of the future, as these places develop. "For electricity production in rural areas in developing countries, solar energy is the cheaper alternative," said Nahar. Indeed, the demand for PV is growing faster outside than inside the U.S. Photovoltaics first came into use in 1958 when NASA needed a feasible power source for its spacecrafts and satellites, and has been used for this purpose ever since. Other current uses of PV solar panels include powering watches and pocket calculators, powering the lamps of some remote lighthouses, and solar-energy systems in homes and buildings in Western countries. In the United States and Europe alone, about 15,000 vacation homes are equipped with PV systems; some environmentally-conscious consumers are willing to pay more for clean energy. The popularity of building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV's), in particular, has grown considerably in recent years. BIPV's are PV devices designed directly into building materials like roofs, shingles, and siding, which offer electricity and aesthetics, eliminating the need for mounted solar panels. The cost of a BIPV system is also partially offset by replacing the costs of conventional construction materials. The system helps insulate and protect roofing structures, and BIPV life expectancies range in excess of 30 years, 33% higher than normal solar panels. There are currently more than 3,000 BIPV systems installed in Germany, and Japan has a program that plans to build 70,000 new BIPV buildings. In terms of overall installed PV capacity, India comes fourth after Japan, the US and Germany (Indian Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources 2002). "India is the only country which has a separate ministry for alternative energy," Nahar said. "Government support and subsidies have been a major influence in our progress." India is also in a good position because of the intense heat. "Arid regions receive plentiful solar radiation," he said. In computed global solar radiation of arid stations in the Indian states of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana, it was found that Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, receives the maximum radiation at 6.27 kWh/m2 per day; the average daily duration of bright sunshine in Jodhpur, Rajasthan is 8.9 hours. Flag of India - A Solar Still - Why not combine in one module a distallation unit, thermal & photovoltaic collectors, & runoff capture? "Thermal solar energy can be used for water heating, cooking, drying, water distillation, refrigeration, and space heating and cooling," continued Nahar. One of the most crucial of these uses is cooking, as half the total energy consumed in developing countries is used in the domestic cooking sector; there are currently over 500,000 solar cookers in use in India, according to Nahar, including the world's largest solar cooking venue in Tirupati, which provides food for over 15,000 people each day. Solar dryers, for dehydrating vegetables, and solar water heaters are also becoming popular. "Conventional water heaters require copper piping," Nahar said. "We have developed models using gerberized steel." These water heaters are currently used in hotels and hospitals, providing up to 100,000 litres of water per day; the cost of these is also decreasing steadily (Figure 3). Another important area of development is that of solar stills, by which the acute draught and shortage of potable water, currently the cause of many physical disorders, can be alleviated. MEGAWATTS OF ALTERNATIVE ENERGY INDIA - INSTALLED THRU 1999 India Has Many Alternatives For Renewable Energy In the latest models of solar stills, presuming the potable limit to be 1500 PPM TDS, as much as 50 litres per day of potable water can be made available from raw water with salinity of 5000 PPM TDS by installing a solar still of capacity 35 litre/day. If the per person requirement for drinking and cooking is 5 litres/day, this is enough for a family of 10. Income can also be derived from solar stills. Considering the cost of the still, interest and maintenance, solar distilled water costs Rs. 0.98/litre, and the current market rate of distilled water is Rs. 3/litre. A solar still for the production of rose water has also been developed, which can be quite profitable. A unit with glass area 0.6 m2 costs only Rs. 900. Although irrigation facilities are required, the unit produces approximately 36 litres of rose water per month. The current market rate for rose water is Rs. 50/litre, which means that in the first month the unit has paid for itself-- twice. Other important areas of alternative energy development are those of wind power and biogas. Biogas plants have become increasingly prevalent--The present capacity of biomass-based power generation totals 358 MW and 42.8 MW biomass gasifier power has been installed and regarding wind power India keeps fifth place after Germany, the US, Denmark and the UK with a total wind power generation of 1507 MW (MNES 2002). "The future of solar energy is bright," Nahar said. "In the last 20 years, the cost of conventional power has been going up, and the cost of solar energy has been coming down." Brook and Gaurav Bhagat are writers and independent filmmakers based in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India. "
"India is Rapidly Developing Solar Energy - via Photovoltaic & Thermal Systems By Brook & Guarav Bhagat - Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India A Vast Vineyard of Solar Electricity - Kramer Junction in the sunny state of California Editor's Note: Solar energy in its raw form may be pollution-free, but manufacturing the devices that get the energy out of light and heat requires metal and other material, requiring mines and smelters, therein causing ...

Cuiseur solaire ; États Unis ; Inde ; Laboratoire ; Pays En Développement ; Site isolé ; Solaire photovoltaïque ; Solaire thermique

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Type
Date de parution
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Inde [103]

Chine [43]

États Unis [32]

International [31]

Solaire photovoltaïque [29]

France [28]

Éolien [24]

Europe [24]

Allemagne [22]

Japon [22]

Généralité énergie renouvelable [21]

Brésil [20]

Pays En Développement [20]

Energie hydraulique [18]

Espagne [18]

Chiffre clé [17]

Électrification rurale [17]

Politique énergétique [17]

Italie [16]

Solaire thermique [16]

Production d'électricité [15]

Réalisation [15]

Biomasse [13]

Maroc [13]

Puissance installée [13]

Russie [13]

Afrique [11]

Consommation d'énergie [11]

Biocarburant [10]

Efficacité énergétique [10]

Marché mondial [10]

Royaume Uni [10]

Canada [9]

Généralité énergie [9]

Géothermie [9]

Potentiel de développement [9]

Asie [8]

Australie [8]

Changement climatique [8]

Concentrateur solaire [8]

Donnée économique [8]

Énergie solaire [8]

Scénario [8]

Site isolé [8]

Technologie [8]

Charbon [7]

CO2 / Dioxyde de carbone [7]

Cuiseur solaire [7]

Danemark [7]

Égypte [7]

Électricité renouvelable [7]

Emploi [7]

Éolienne [7]

Gaz à Effet de Serre / GES [7]

Gaz naturel [7]

Industrie [7]

Logement [7]

Nucléaire [7]

Perspective [7]

Pétrole [7]

Projet [7]

Amérique Latine [6]

Bâtiment [6]

Bilan énergétique [6]

Biogaz [6]

Coût d'investissement [6]

Économie d'énergie [6]

Énergie marine [6]

Entreprise [6]

Impact environnemental [6]

Investissement [6]

Mexique [6]

Objectif [6]

Parc éolien [6]

Portugal [6]

Rapport [6]

Aide financière [5]

Algérie [5]

Appareil de cuisson [5]

Bâtiment tertiaire [5]

Besoin énergétique [5]

Bois énergie [5]

Californie [5]

Éclairage [5]

Effet de serre [5]

Étude [5]

Iran [5]

Mali [5]

Production [5]

Afrique du Sud [4]

Analyse Cycle de Vie - ACV [4]

Angleterre [4]

Aspect historique [4]

Autriche [4]

Barrage hydraulique [4]

Belgique [4]

Centrale solaire [4]

Climatisation / Rafraîchissement [4]

Commerce / Magasin [4]

Coût de production [4]

Demande en énergie [4]

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